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备考复习之代词-2019年专升本英语考试重点-广东专升本

广东成人高考网 发布时间:2018-12-25 15:23:57





一、不定代词


不定代词包括both, either, neither, all, none, no, one, each, every, few, a few, little, a little, many, much, some, any, other, another, 以及some, any, no, every构成的合成代词。

(一)both, either, neither

both 表示“两者(都)”,either表示“(两者之中)任何一个”,neither表示“(两者之中)没有一个”。三个词在句子中都可以作主语、宾语、定语,both还可以作同位语。

My sister is good at planning her time so that she always has enough time for both work play。(be good at 擅长做某事)

Neither of the answers is right。

Either of the books belongs to you。

You I are both to blame。

You both agreed to stay。

Both 放在实意动词前,系动词be 的后面。


二、疑问代词


疑问代词包括what, which, who, whom, whose, 可以用来构成特殊疑问句,也可以引导名词从句。 What, which, who在句子中作主语或宾语,whom作宾语,whose作定语。如:

Who is speaking? (主语)

Which do you prefer, the yellow one or the white one? (宾语)

Whats your sister?(表语)

The man who is talking with my mother is an engineer。(引导定从句)

The old man whose son is studying abroad is our formal dean of the department. (引导定从句)

This is the plane which will fly to Wuhan this afternoon. (引导定从句)

I dont remember whom I have lent my dictionary to. (引导宾语从句)

疑问代词what, which, who, whom后面可以加ever来加重语气。如:

Whoever can be calling at this time of the night ?谁这么深更半夜来找人?

Ill say whatever comes into my head。

Take whichever book you like。


三、反身代词


英语中有下列反身代词:

反身代词在句子中可以作宾语、表语、同位语等。如:

Please help yourself to some tea。(宾语)

The boy is too young to look after himself。(宾语)

Ill be myself again in no time。(表语)

The desk itself is not so heavy. (同位语)

I fixed the door myself. (同位语)

指示代词

指示代词包括this, that, these, those 和such,在句子中可以作主语、定语、表语、宾语等(such不作宾语)。

that和those有时分别用来代表前面提到的不可数名词和名词复数,以避免重复。而可数名词单数往往用the one 或that one 来代替。用the one 的时候更多一些。如:

These machines are better than those we turned out last year. 生产

The oil output of this year is much higher than that of last year. 产量

The best wine is that from France。

My room is lighter than the one next door。

Ill take the seat next to the one by the window。

The film is more funny than that one。

that 可以指上面提到的事情,this指下面要谈的事情。如:

They have no time to read the books. Thats their trouble。

She was ill yesterday. Thats why she was absent。

I want to know this: How much money we have left?

What I want to say is this: Pronunciation is very important in learning English。

this 和that 有时还可以用来表示程度。如:

I dont want that much。

He is not that wise。

The book is about this thick。


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